Doctors thought 20-year-old was ‘brain dead’ after birthday binge drinking: they were wrong

Doctors thought 20-year-old was ‘brain dead’ after birthday binge drinking: they were wrong


RENO, Nevada, January 11, 2016 (LifeSiteNews) – University of Nevada student Hanna Lottritz was mistaken for "brain-dead" after she fell into a coma last July following a round of binge drinking. The 20-year-old's story is a cautionary tale for alcohol abuse, but also for the danger inherent in the contentious concept of "brain death."

Lottritz, who turned 21 last Wednesday, said on her blog she would not be doing any shots or getting wasted to celebrate coming of legal age, and she advocated for responsible drinking, because, she said, "I don't want anyone to go through what my family went through."

The journalism student chugged an entire Solo cup of whiskey at a music festival last summer. She collapsed five minutes later and then had to be intubated and life-flighted to the hospital in critical condition.

"I was in critical condition, suffering from acute respiratory failure and acute alcohol intoxication," she said. "My blood alcohol concentration was .41 when I arrived at the hospital, five times over the legal limit."

"The doctors thought I was brain dead because I was completely unresponsive," Lottritz continued. "My pupils were sluggishly reactive, I had no corneal reflex and I wasn't responding to verbal or painful stimuli."

Doctors initially didn't expect her to make it through the night, but she woke up 24 hours later.

Lottritz's waking up so soon after her injury is where her case departs from so many others with patients who remain unresponsive for a period of time, falling into the dangerous scenario of being presumed dead, especially when medical facilities or family members are quick to remove treatment or there is a push to harvest organs.

The question of determining when a person is brain-dead has been the subject of considerable controversy for some time, with disagreement over the legal definition of brain death.

There are countless stories of patients who were declared or otherwise thought to be brain-dead but later awoke, many who were cognizant of conversations around them about discontinuing life-sustaining measures.

Twenty-year-old University of Nevada freshman Aden Hailu was declared brain-dead earlier this year after suffering from a lack of oxygen during surgery.

She was the center of a legal fight between the hospital that wanted to discontinue treatment and her father who wanted to continue life-sustaining care. While a hearing date to address the legal definition of brain death in her case had been set for January 22, Hailu died on Monday of last week.

Doctors said California teen Jahi McMath was brain-dead after going into cardiac arrest during a routine tonsillectomy in 2013, with the hospital declaring her dead.

While she suffered serious brain injury, at least one medical expert disagreed with the brain death diagnosis, and a 2014 MRI showed that she was in fact not brain-dead.

As of this past November, McMath was responding to verbal commands.

Three-year-old Harrison Elmer was taken off life support after doctors thought he was brain-dead following a bout with meningitis at the age of three weeks.

The child survived the discontinuation of treatment, to doctors' surprise, but his parents were still told he would never walk, talk, or be able to feed himself.

The U.K. toddler is now happy and healthy, and set to start pre-school next year.

Pro-life and disability advocates continue to warn over the threat to life so often possible in cases with a "brain death" diagnosis.

Bobby Schindler is president of the Terri Schiavo Life & Hope Network and has worked for the rights of the disabled and medically vulnerable since his sister Terri was dehydrated to death in a Florida hospice in 2005.

Lottritz's situation is another that illustrates the possible peril when someone is declared brain-dead, Schindler said.

"Ms. Lottritz's story is a stark reminder of the potential dangers of the 'brain death' diagnosis," he old LifeSiteNews, "particularly in cases when hospitals are quick to use this controversial diagnosis to end a person's life, in many instances with the apparent motivation to get at the patient's organs."

"Each of us have a constitutional right to life," Schindler continued, "but that doesn't mean much if our medical experts don't do everything they can to protect it."

Tips When You're Walking for Weight Loss

Tips When You're Walking for Weight Loss

Walk this way to a slimmer you!

Walking on two legs. We hominids have been doing it for the past few million years. Consequently, it’s one of the things our species is best known for. For most of human history, walking and running were the only means of getting from A to B. These days, that’s no longer the case for most of us. That’s too bad because walking—particularly at a brisk pace—is an innate way in which we can burn calories and torch belly fat. It requires little in the way of equipment, it can be done more or less anywhere and it’s less likely to stress the joints in the way that running can. And sure, we’d all like to look like Mark Langowski and be on the cover of Eat This, Not That! For Abs with a shredded six-pack, but just getting off our butts and using our two feet is a solid start.

But just because walking upright is an easy, natural way for humans to expend energy from the food we eat, it doesn't mean that we can’t learn to do it better—and increase the belly burn. By following the tips below, you could do just that. And for more zero belly ideas, check out these 14 Ways to Lose Your Belly in 14 Days!

1. Choose the right shoes

The only “equipment” necessary for walking (unless it’s on the beach) are shoes and chances are you have a pair suitable for the job already. "Walking shoes" have flexible soles and stiff heel counters to prevent side-to-side motion. Normal flat surfaces only require low-heeled shoes that are comfortable, cushioned and lightweight.

2. Devise a great walking playlist

Before you even think about lacing up your sneakers, think of the songs you want to hear as you make strides towards a fitter you. Having a great soundtrack to your walk will motivate you to push harder and go farther and the best part is that you probably won’t even notice the extra effort that you end up putting in. Look for songs that are between 75 to 130 BPM—these tempos will help you synchronize your strut to the beat. You’ll be so in the groove that you’ll be ready to try out these 55 Best-Ever Ways to Boost Your Metabolism!

3. Know your route

It’s good to have a clear idea of where you’ll be walking on any given day. You’ll feel comfortable and confident knowing what to expect as you walk and not waste any walking time figuring out a route on the fly. Try and devise a handful of routes that vary in length, grade and terrain. Just a couple of route options can prevent your new belly blasting habit from getting repetitive.

4. Find a walking buddy

Numerous studies confirm that having a strong support group is vital to achieving and maintaining weight loss success, with those who are part of a social support network losing more weight than their solo counterparts.

5. Find that walking buddy amusing

Numerous studies confirm that having a strong support group is vital to achieving and maintaining weight loss success, with those who are part of a social support network losing more weight than their solo counterparts.

6. Be prepared for weather conditions

We don’t all live in San Diego which means that we have to deal with a dynamic climate. Don’t let a run of hot, cold, wet, windy or icy weather prevent you from walking off your belly. Get yourself kitted out with the right clothing for the sorts of weather your area can get in a given year. During a heat wave, walk before the sun gets too high in the sky, during a cold snap, do the opposite. A fair weather walker in Seattle or Fargo is going to miss out on a lot of belly blasting opportunities. But at least they have these 25 Ways to Lose Weight in 5 Seconds.


7. Walk in daylight to eat less

Go get some of that sunshine or even daylight on your walk. Why? Well, a study published in the International Journal of Endocrinology, showed that sleep-deprived adults who were exposed to dim light after waking had lower concentrations of the fullness hormone leptin while those in blue light (the kind from energy-efficient bulbs) had higher leptin levels. By letting some light into your life, you’ll get some life into your weight loss goals as you stride toward a slimmer, healthier future.

8. Hit the bricks before breakfast

Go get some of that sunshine or even daylight on your walk. Why? Well, a study published in the International Journal of Endocrinology, showed that sleep-deprived adults who were exposed to dim light after waking had lower concentrations of the fullness hormone leptin while those in blue light (the kind from energy-efficient bulbs) had higher leptin levels. By letting some light into your life, you’ll get some life into your weight loss goals as you stride toward a slimmer, healthier future.

8. Hit the bricks before breakfast

Walk like you’re at the airport and you’ve cut it close for departing flight. If you’re 150 pounds walking briskly (around 3.5 miles per hour) will burn around 300 calories every 60 minutes. If you can fit in 30 minutes of brisk walking on a flat surface every day, you’ll have burned off 1,050 calories by the end of the week. Studies show that this sort of weekly calorie expenditure helps protect against heart disease and of course, you’ll probably start noticing that you look and feel different soon.

10. But also vary your walking pace

Engineering researchers have found that walking at varying speeds can burn up to 20 percent more calories compared to maintaining a steady pace. The 2015 study from Ohio State University is one of the first to measure the metabolic cost, or calories burned, of changing walking speeds. While walking briskly for 30 minutes is a great idea, try and work in a few minutes in which you accelerate and decelerate your brisk walk.

11 Use hand weights, but carefully

Hand weights can boost your caloric expenditure, but they may alter your arm swing and thus lead to muscle soreness or even injury. They're generally not recommended for people with high blood pressure or heart disease. If you want to use them, start with one-pound weights and increase the weight gradually. The weights shouldn't add up to more than 10 percent of your body weight. Ankle weights are not recommended, as they increase the chance of injury.


6 Power Foods that Help Fight Cancer

6 Power Foods that Help Fight Cancer


Cancer rates are expected to rise 70 percent over the next 20 years according to World Health Organization despite tremendous advances in medical technology and knowledge. On Jan. 13, President Barack Obama announced a national initiative to find a cure for cancer.

Should we wait for the medical system to find a cure or can we act for ourselves now?Let’s start with eating healthy real food, especially ones that have been proven scientifically to help in fighting cancer. Photo credit: Harvest to Table

Let’s start with eating healthy real food, especially ones that have been proven scientifically to help in fighting cancer. Photo credit: Harvest to Table

Let’s start with eating healthy real food, especially ones that have been proven scientifically to help in fighting cancer. Here are six of them.

1. Flaxseed Lignans Help Fight Cancer

Reduce prostate cancer with flaxseeds. Research studies have shown that lignans can slow the growth of prostate cancer cells.

Breast cancer survival was significant in three studies that followed thousands of women diagnosed with breast cancer, published at PubMed Central1, 2, 3. They found, “Lignans might play an important role in reducing all-cause and cancer-specific mortality of the patients operated on for breast cancer.”

2. Tomatoes Lower Risk of Cancer

Risk of breast cancer may be reduced with tomatoes due to their high amounts of carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene and total carotenoids) as shown by research in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Risk of prostate cancer was found to be reduced in a study showing men who ate more than 10 portions of tomatoes or tomato products per week reduced their risk of prostate cancer by 18 percent compared to men who ate less than 10.

It is clear that the current evidence favors the consumption of tomatoes and tomato products rather than lycopene supplements as stated in the Oxford Journals.

3. Avocados Help Fight Cancer Cells

The glutathione found in avocados has been found to help prevent some kinds of cancers. Researchers at Ohio State University found nutrients in Hass avocados kill or stop the growth of pre-cancerous cells that lead to oral cancer.

Avocado extract was found to inhibit prostate cancer.

Molecules in avocados have been found to attack leukemia stem cells directly while leaving healthy cells unharmed, according to a study.

4. Garlic Fights Cancer

Lung cancer risk decreased in a study with those who ate raw garlic two or more times a week, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research. The researchers also found that even smokers who ate raw garlic decreased their risk of lung cancer by around 30 percent.

Garlic, as an allium vegetable, has been found in a study to protect against stomach and colon cancers.

“In test tubes, garlic seems to kill cancer cells. And studies suggest that people who eat more raw or cooked garlic are less likely to get colon and stomach cancers and cancer of the esophagus.” —University of Maryland Medical Center.

5. Legumes (Beans and Lentils) Reduce Cancer Risk

Prostate cancer risk was found to be lower in a six-year study of more than 14,000 men living in the U.S. Those with the highest intake of legumes (beans, lentils or split peas) had a significantly lower risk of prostate cancer.

Legumes were found to reduce risk for colon cancer. Scientists examined 14 studies with 1,903,459 participants and found that those consuming the most legumes, especially soybeans, had the lowest risk for colon cancer.

Pancreatic cancer risk was lessened when legumes were consumed more than two times a week compared to those who ate legumes rarely or less than once a week, according to a study.

6. Cruciferous Vegetables (Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts) Help Prevent Cancer

Cruciferous vegetable have been shown to lower overall cancer risk according to research at Oregon State University.

They have been found to help inhibit and regulate cancer-causing genes, according to research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

People who ate greater amounts of the cruciferous vegetable, brussels sprouts, had a lower risk of cancer, as stated at the National Cancer Institute fact page.

New App Can Help Doctors Predict Preterm Birth Risk

New App Can Help Doctors Predict Preterm Birth Risk

A new app that uses an algorithm could help doctors to better identify women at risk of giving birth prematurely, scientists say.

QUiPP, developed by researchers at King's College London, was tested in two studies of high-risk women being monitored at ante-natal clinics.

The app uses an algorithm which combines the gestation of previous pregnancies and the length of the cervix with levels of foetal fibronectin to classify a woman's risk.

The first study focused on women deemed to be at high risk of preterm birth, usually because of a previous early pregnancy, despite not showing any symptoms. The second study predicted the likelihood of early delivery in a group of women showing symptoms of early labour which often does not progress to real labour.

In the first study, researchers collected data from 1,249 women at high risk for pre-term birth attending pre-term surveillance clinics. The model was developed on the first 624 consecutive women and validated on the subsequent 625.

The estimated probability of delivery before 30, 34 or 37 weeks' gestation and within two or four weeks of testing for foetal fibronectin was calculated for each patient and analysed as a predictive test for the actual occurrence of each event.

In the second study, data from 382 high-risk women was collected. The model was developed on the first 190 women and validated on the remaining 192.

In both studies, the app was found to perform well as a predictive tool, and far better than each component (previous pregnancy, cervical length or foetal fibronectin) taken alone.

Worldwide 15 million babies are born preterm (before 37 weeks) each year and over a million of these die of prematurity-related complications, researchers said.

A number of factors are used to determine if a woman is at risk of giving birth prematurely, including a history of preterm births or late miscarriages.

Two further factors which doctors can consider are the length of cervix and levels of a biomarker found in vaginal fluid known as foetal fibronectin, which are typically tested from 23 weeks.

The researchers have further developed the foetal fibronectin test to be accurately used from the first half of pregnancy.

"Despite advances in prenatal care the rate of preterm birth has never been higher in recent years, including in the US and UK, so doctors need reliable ways of predicting whether a woman is at risk of giving birth early," said Andrew Shennan from King's College.

"It can be difficult to accurately assess a woman's risk, given that many women who show symptoms of preterm labour do not go on to deliver early," he added.

The findings were published in the journal Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

More over 50s turning to booze to cope with stress

More over 50s turning to booze to cope with stress

Middle aged man holding a glass of wine


THE over-50s are increasingly turning to alcohol to cope with stress, retirement, bereavement and isolation, a survey has found.

One in five risk damaging their health by consuming more than the Government’s recommended weekly limit.

And three per cent are now classified as “high risk”, defi ned as men who consume more than 50 units (23 pints of beer) a week or women who drink more than 35 units (17 glasses of wine).

The poll found that the biggest reason for becoming a “high-risk” drinker was not coping with stress.

Over-50s who feel downhearted, depressed or failures are nearly four times as likely to fall into this category.

Of those who increased their drinking, four in ten blamed retirement while a quarter cited bereavement, the study found.

Other reasons included loss of a sense of purpose, fewer opportunities to socialise and a change in financial circumstances.

The survey is part a report called “Drink Wise Age Well – Alcohol Use and the Over 50s”.

It is the largest study ever undertaken on the drinking habits of the age group.

Research shows the NHS spends more money on alcohol-related hospital treatment for 55-74 year olds than 16-24 year olds.

Between 2002 and 2010 hospital admissions of over-65s jumped by 136 per cent for men and 132 per cent for women, while alcohol related deaths for those aged 55-74 leapt 87 per cent for men and 53 per cent for women.

The report, which gathered information from nearly 17,000 people, found that four in five respondents classed as “increasing risk drinkers” also said relatives, friends and doctors were unconcerned.

A quarter said they would not know where to go for help while one in four said they would not tell anyone even if they needed help.

David McCullough, chief executive of the Royal Voluntary Service, said: “This report gives rise to some concerning characteristics in relation to higher risk drinkers.

“More often than not, they are not in a relationship, live alone and have a long-standing illness or disability.

“One in three higher risk drinkers cite being down or depressed as a reason for drinking and 41 per cent say they drink because they are lonely or bored.”

New guidelines, which came into effect last week, suggest men and women should drink no more than 14 units of alcohol a week – the equivalent of six pints of average strength beer or seven medium glasses of wine.

The new Department of Health limits replace previous drinking guidelines, which were originally set out 21 years ago.

Meanwhile, a separate survey has found that one in 20 women skip a meal in order to cut calories because they were drinking alcohol or planning to do so later that day, a phenomenon known as “drunkorexia”.

Nutritionist Fiona Hunter said: “Replacing food with alcohol is never a good idea. Alcohol is packed with calories, but it is important to remember these calories have no nutritional value.

“Substituting food calories with alcohol calories starves your body of essential vitamins and minerals. “This can lead to a deficiency over time.”

Do YOU struggle to sleep Do YOU struggle to sleep through the night? Disturbed sleep is 'linked to a higher risk of stroke'

Do YOU struggle to sleep through the night? Disturbed sleep is 'linked to a higher risk of stroke'

People who sleep poorly are more likely to have severely hardened arteries, raising the risk they will suffer a stroke, scientists have warned

Elderly people who sleep poorly are more likely to have severely hardened arteries, putting them at higher risk of strokes, a study has found.

Researchers believe monitoring the sleep of older people may be a way to identify who is at risk of suffering a stroke.

The academics studied the brains of old people whose sleep had been monitored before they had died. The brains were then examined under the microscope.

They found that repeatedly waking up in the night was associated with damage to blood vessels and brain tissue.

Hardened arteries – or atherosclerosis – is caused when inflammation and fatty tissue causes blockages of the blood vessels.

Poor sleep was an independent risk factor for severe atherosclerosis, separate from other factors such as body mass index (BMI), smoking history, diabetes, hypertension, and other medical conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, pain, depression or heart failure.

Dr Andrew Lim, lead investigator and neurology professor at the University of Toronto, said: ‘The forms of brain injury that we observed are important because they may not only contribute to the risk of stroke but also to chronic progressive cognitive and motor impairment.

‘However, there are several ways to view these findings: sleep fragmentation may impair the circulation of blood to the brain, poor circulation of blood to the brain may cause sleep fragmentation, or both may be caused by another underlying risk factor.’

The researchers studied 315 brains of people whose average age was 90. A total of 70 per cent were women.

All had been monitored for at least one week around the clock for sleep quality while they were alive.


Some 29 per cent of the patients had suffered a stroke. A further 61 per cent had signs of moderate to severe damage to the blood vessels in the brain.

For every two arousals during one hour of sleep, researchers reported a 30 per cent increase in the odds that the subjects had visible signs of oxygen deprivation in their brain.

Greater sleep fragmentation – where the patient woke up repeatedly during the night - was associated with 27 percent higher odds of having severely hardened arteries.

The findings, published in Sleep Journal Report, suggest that sleep monitoring may be another way to identify older people who could be at risk of suffering a stroke.

Further work is needed to clarify whether brain blood vessel damage is a consequence or cause of broken sleep.

The role of specific contributors to sleep fragmentation such as sleep apnoea also need to be examined further, the researchers say.

Previous research has found that people who sleep poorly are at greater risk of inflammation of their blood vessels.

Getting less than six hours of sleep per night had a worse effect on women than men, according to a University of California study.

Researchers have found that slightly more women than men report poor sleep – 81 per cent of women versus 78 per cent of men.

Women are more likely (50 per cent) to wake up too early compared to men (41 per cent), and to have a harder time falling asleep – 33 per cent of women versus 31 per cent of men.

Other risk factors for heart disease and stroke include sleep apnoea, where people stop breathing for up to10 seconds during sleep several times an hour, starving their brains of oxygen.


'Invisibility cloak' makes chemotherapy drug '50 TIMES more powerful - and shields patients from grueling side effects'

'Invisibility cloak' makes chemotherapy drug '50 TIMES more powerful - and shields patients from grueling side effects'

Wrapping a potent chemotherapy drug in an 'invisibility cloak' makes treatment 50 times more powerful and protects against gruelling side effects, scientists have revealed.

The new technique involves packaging the drug paclitaxel in containers derived from a patient's own immune system.

By doing so, scientists believe they can protect the drug from being destroyed by the body's own defenses, and as a result direct the full-force of the medication at the tumour.

Dr Elena Batrakova, an associate professor at the University of North Carolina's School of Pharmacy, said: 'That means we can use 50 times less of the drug and still get the same results.

'That matters because we may eventually be able to treat patients with smaller and more accurate doses of powerful chemotherapy drugs resulting in more effective treatment with fewer and milder side effects.'

Researchers focused on exosomes, tiny spheres harvested from the white blood cells that protect the body against infection.

The exosomes are made of the same material as cell membranes, meaning the patient's body does not recognise them as a foreign body.

Researchers said this has been one of the toughest hurdles to overcome in the last decade, using plastic-based nanoparticles to deliver drugs into the body. 

Dr Batrakova said: 'Exosomes are engineered by nature to be the perfect delivery vehicles.

'By using exosomes from white blood cells, we wrap the medicine in an invisibility cloak that hides it from the immune system.

'We don't know exactly how they do it, but the exosomes swarm the cancer cells, completely bypassing any drug resistance they may have and delivering their payload.'  

Paclitaxel is a potent drug used in the United States as a first- and second-line treatment for breast, lung and pancreatic cancers.

It can have serious and unpleasant side effects, such as hair loss, muscle and joint pain and diarrhea, and it can put patients at greater risk of serious infection.

In their experiment, Dr Batrakova’s team extracted exosomes from mouse white blood cells and loaded them with paclitaxel. 

They then tested the treatment — which they call exoPXT — against multiple-drug-resistant cancer cells in petri dishes. 

The team saw that they needed 50 times less exoPXT to achieve the same cancer-killing effect as formulations of the drug currently being used, such as Taxol.

The researchers then tested the therapy in mouse models of drug-resistant lung cancer. 

They loaded the exosomes with a dye in order to track their progress through the lungs and found that the exosomes were thorough in seeking out and marking cancer cells, making them a surprisingly effective diagnostic tool in addition to being a powerful therapeutic.

'Accurately mapping the extent of tumors in the lungs is one of the biggest challenges in treating lung-cancer patients,' said Dr Batrakova.

'Our results show how powerful exosomes can be as both a therapeutic and a diagnostic.'

Dr Batrakova’s study, which appears in Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.


Sleep problems stress teenagers more

Sleep problems stress teenagers more

Adolescents who experience sleep problems and longer sleep duration are more reactive to stress, which could contribute to academic, behavioural and health issues, says a new study.

"This particular population is more likely to experience insufficient sleep, and their functioning is more negatively affected by lower sleep quality," said one of the researchers Sylvie Mrug, psychology professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham in the US.

The researchers examined two dimensions of sleep -- sleep duration and sleep problems from the perspectives of adolescents and their parents, as well as the levels of the stress hormone cortisol before and after social stress.

Eighty-four adolescents with an average age of approximately 13 took part in the study.

In stress tests, the researchers found that cortisol levels that indicate increased stress response are higher in adolescents with sleep problems.

"The result of higher cortisol levels in adolescents experiencing sleep problems was exactly what we expected to see," Mrug said.

"We were, however, surprised that longer sleep duration predicted a stronger cortisol response, because previous studies linked shorter sleep duration with higher cortisol levels," Mrug noted.

Generally, less sleep is related to poor outcomes, not the other way around.

gIn this case, this unexpected result could be explained by considering that longer sleep duration does not necessarily reflect higher-quality sleep, but instead may serve as another indicator of sleep problems, at least among urban adolescents," Mrug explained.

"Overall, the results of our study confirm what we originally hypothesised -- that sleep problems induce greater response to stress in adolescents," Mrug said.

The study was published online in the journal Physiology and Behaviour.

Excess chromium in supplements causes cancer

Excess chromium in supplements causes cancer

Excess chromium in supplements causes cancer (Getty Images)

e extra presence of chromium in nutrition supplements can cause various types of cancer as well as liver and lung damage, doctors have said.

The overuse of supplements causes severe damage to chromosomes in cells, which then mutate the DNA and cause cancer, according to experts.

The US National Academy of Sciences has estimated that up to 200 micrograms of chromium was safe for adequate daily dietary intake for adults. However, the supplements available in the market to gain weight contain 500 micrograms of chromium.

"The health hazards associated with exposure to chromium depends on its oxidation state. Oxidation of chromium occurs inside the cell, which means, it loses electrons and transforms into a carcinogenic form," said Veronica Sharma, consultant at city-based SRV Hospital.

According to Sharma, health complications caused by excess chromium include damage to kidney, lung, and several forms of skin problems including eczema and other inflammation.

Behram Pardiwala, medicine expert at the city-based Wockhardt Hospital, said presence of excess chromium in any product "has always been harmful".

"Brands selling supplements state that it is safe but that's not true. The first problem that high chromium containing supplements cause is stomach problems and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and later kidney and nerves damage," he said.

Earlier this month, a study by University of Sydney also came up with the conclusion that high intake of chromium through nutrition supplements makes consumers prone to cancer.

A study by business chamber Assocham stated that 70 percent of dietary supplements being sold across India were fake, unregistered and unapproved, besides being extremely difficult to identify.


Leafy greens rich decrease a 30% risk glaucoma disease

Leafy greens rich decrease a 30% risk glaucoma disease

Leafy greens rich decrease a 30% risk glaucoma disease

The Researchers of Brigham Women’s Hospital have found that a high intake of leafy green vegetables could reduce risks for the world’s leading cause of irreversible blindness: primary open-angle glaucoma, or POAG, which is a progressive condition that damages the optic nerve, generally because of fluid buildup in the eye’s front part. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, one in 10 with the condition, will eventually lose their sight. The disease often occurs in adults over 50 years of age and affects about 1% of the U.S. population.

The study published in JAMA Ophthalmology has found evidence that the risk of primary open-angle glaucoma is reduced by as much as 20 to 30 per cent if diet includes leafy greens and nitrates. Researchers have pegged elevated intraocular pressure and impaired autoregulation of optic nerve blood flow are implicated in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG; optic nerve damage from multiple possible causes that is chronic and progresses over time).

Researchers from Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Women’s Hospital said in the study that higher consumption of green leafy vegetables and dietary nitrate was linked to a 20 percent to 30 percent lower chance of primary open-angle glaucoma, or POAG. The condition is characterized by poor optic nerve blood flow and higher intraocular pressure, and could become worse over a period of time. As this is a chronic condition, it eventually leads to a loss of peripheral vision, and if not treated on time, a complete loss of vision.


Researchers analyzed the diets and eye exam results of 105,000 participants from two different studies during 25 years. At the beginning of the study, participants were over 40 years old and none of them suffered from glaucoma. The study included 63,893 women from Nurses’ Health Study (1984-2012) and 41,094 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012).


The participants were asked to fill repeated questionnaires, which allowed researchers to evaluate their nitrate consumption and glaucoma risk. The results showed that participants who consumed more green leafy vegetables were less likely to develop glaucoma. During the course of the study, 1,483 participants developed glaucoma, while the ones who had a diet consisting of leafy greens rich in nitrates had a 30% risk decrease towards developing the disease.

What is Glaucoma Risk

Glaucoma is an eye condition that usually develops when fluid increases in the front part of the eye and causes pressure, damaging the optic nerve. It can lead to loss of vision, according to the U.S. National Eye Institute. Although the study found an association between eating more leafy greens and a lower risk of glaucoma, it didn’t prove cause-and-effect. Glaucoma can be summarized as an infection of the optic nerve, leading to a loss of eyesight. This disease is generally caused by a fluid build-up in the frontal part of the eye that leads to optic nerve damage. Glaucoma is the main source of blindness in senior adults and over 3 million US citizens have been diagnosed with this illness up to this point.

As with most statistics-based studies, this analysis of over 100,000 US adults gave a result that is based on correlation, not cause and effect. Because of this, the general public should still take the idea of a high nitrate intake directly combating glaucoma with a pinch of salt. Out of the study participants, 1,500 of them developed glaucoma, while the ones who had a diet consisting of leafy greens rich in nitrates had a 30% risk decrease towards developing this disease. The follow-up checks, made every two years, further cemented the concept that nitrate-based vegetables combat the onset of glaucoma, but further clinical studies made in a controlled environment must be conducted in order to provide a more conclusive result.


The scientists analyzed the diets and eye exams of almost 64,000 women between 1984 and 2012, as well as 41,000 men. The information of the study was taken from a 25 year period of time. The participants were made to fill repeated questionnaires, which allowed the researchers in evaluating their nitrate consumption and glaucoma risk. Study participants who consumed the most green leafy vegetables were less likely to develop glaucoma, which is a primary cause of vision loss and blindness. The pooled multivariable rate ratio (MVRR) for the highest versus the lowest quintile of dietary nitrate intake was 0.79 (95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.66 to 0.93; P for trend = 0.02). These nutrients improve blood flow to the back of the eye in general, we feel, and that’s where we think the advantages come from,” he said. In spite of glaucoma, Gurling can still do her crossword puzzle.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Glaucoma, like any other disease, can have many ramifications, meaning that there are many types of glaucoma. According to the medical literature, the doctors were able to isolate two major types of glaucoma: primary open-angle glaucoma and acute-angle closure glaucoma.


In the case of primary open-angle glaucoma, patients suffering from this disease can experience the following symptoms: blind spots in the peripheral vision. Moreover, in most cases both peripheral and central vision are affected. In the advanced stages of the disease, the patients might experience another symptom called tunnel vision.

Tunnel vision often called Kalniek vision is what happens when a patient suffering from a degenerative macular disease like glaucoma loses peripheral vision, but somehow manages to retain central vision. In this case, the field of view is more narrow than usual, as if the patient is viewing an image through a tube.

In the case of close angle glaucoma, the symptoms are more varied than in the case of open-angle glaucoma. You are probably suffering from open-angle glaucoma if you experience the following symptoms: acute to severe headaches, red eyes, blurry vision, nausea, bright circles around light sources and vomiting.