5 Things you do not know about India’s Healthcare System

India has performed exceptionally well at every front after independence in spite of a series of natura and man made calamities, uncontrolled population growth, and unstable governments. Had these hindrance factors not been there, the country would have emerged as a leader in every aspect. Nevertheless, the tremendous growth can’t be underestimated from any angle.

India’s healthcare system was in extremely bad shape after independence. There were no medical facilities; the infrastructure was pathetic, and a severe scarcity of trained medical professionals. The scene has changed today dramatically when India is being considered as one of the preferred countries for medical facilities. People from many countries come to India for advanced treatments.  

Five things remain hidden under the carpet, but are incredibly important!

When we talk about Indian healthcare system, the focus always remains at big and medium size cities. A big chunk of small and medium cities gets ignored. There are many issues that don’t come on the surface in the process.

  1. A small percentage (5 percent according to macroeconomic reports) is covered under health insurance. Rest all pay medical expenses out of pocket. It isn’t a healthy situation and government needs to put focus on covering every person under medical insurance.
  2. Scarcity of low-cost generic drugs is a major problem in the country. People have to spend extravagantly on high-priced drugs just for the sake of brand. At one side, they are not covered under medical insurance and at another side they need to spend heavily. Thus, it is a double-sided sword. Control on the pharmaceutical sector is another prime focus area.
  3. Availability of high-quality medical devices is the third biggest thing that most of the people don’t even realize. Production of international standard equipment can be possible by attracting more foreign investment in the sector. Government needs to make it lucrative so that renowned international companies come forward.
  4. In India, there is a trend of serving in high-class premium hospitals of urban areas after finishing a degree in Medical science. It is mainly because of poor infrastructure and less scope of growth in the rural sector. As a result, the majority of the population is left on the mercy of substandard medical assistance or fraud doctors. 
  5. Establishing a good healthcare setup is predominantly a profit-making business. Hence, there is a focus on recovering the cost as fast as possible. As a result, people need to pay unnecessarily high for services that can be made available quite reasonably. Poor quality of treatment and infrastructure of public hospitals force people to go to private hospitals. 

A lot of work is still required to be done for improving healthcare system in India.  The fact of the matter is that India has been ranked at 112th position out of 190 countries by the WHO. It is certainly not a respectable position for the country. Government is looking trying to bridge the gaps as much as possible. Private institutions, NGOs, and charitable trusts are contributing to the gigantic task as per their capacity.