19. January 2015 13:33
H1N1 infection or Swine Flu becomes a buzzword worldwide. As the number of cases gets reported every year increases phenomenally, it becomes a matter of concern of medical practitioners and researchers. Since the virus not only spreads when the symptoms are at the peak, but also when they subside after one week or so. Experts say that kids remain contagious for further longer time. As there is no effective vaccination is available till date, prevention of H1n1 is always recommended. Pregnant women, old age people, infants and other people who have a reduced immune system are more likely to get infected by it. Doctors, nurses and medical professionals have the biggest risk.
Prevention is the best strategy
Since people can spread it even they do not show any symptoms, and no effective treatment is available till date, one must follow a few simple tips to prevent the epidemic. Not only those who have been infected, those who have been unaffected so far but live in the H1N1 prone areas should keep the following things in mind:
- Always cover the nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing. Use a tissue paper or clean handkerchief. In case you use a handkerchief, wash it with medicated soap daily. Dispose of the tissue papers safely.
- Wash your hands as many times as possible with soap and water, Remember, it is not necessary to use a medicated soap every time. Even normal soap also solves the purpose. Alcohol-based hand cleaners (sanitizers) are equally effective.
- Do not go to public places even if you are infected with normal flu. Since your immune system is already at risk, there are great chances of getting infected with H1N1 as well.
- Avoid close contact with infected people infected. In case you have to take care of your near and dear ones, use a surgical mask or cover the face with a handkerchief.
- If you have visited an area that has been declared as infected, keep a close eye on your health. Report the slightest of change to the doctor.
- Since H1N1 epidemic is a public health issue, it is our duty to support public health organizations by following the basic hygiene norms.
- Increase the strength of the immune system by eating healthily, sleeping adequately, and keeping the fitness level high. These good habits increase the inner strength, and the body gets extra power against the disease. Stay in the sunlight for at least ten to fifteen minutes daily to boost the immune system.
- As stated earlier, pregnant women and old age people have to take extra precaution if the virus exists in the environment. Similarly, infants and kids below the age of five years must stay away from the exposure as much as possible.
- H1N1 or Swine Flu is certainly a deadly disease. However, we can avoid it up to a great extent by taking the basic precautions and following the sanitation norms. Spot the symptoms early so that it comes under control in time.