Allergic reaction is a chain reaction triggered by our immune system. When there is a family history of any kind of allergy, the patient is at a high risk of developing it at later stage. Food allergy, hives, eczema, hay fever, and Asthma are the typical examples. In some cases, food stuff, insect bites, medicines or even an exposure to latex can trigger a serious allergic reaction that is difficult to control. It can be fatal in some cases. It is important to talk to a doctor about the known allergy so that he takes care while writing prescriptions.
Types of allergies
- Allergies that are related to eyes or nose are caused by reactions towards stimulants like molds, pets, dust mites, or pollens. They cause running nose, irritation in the eyes or nose, sneezing, etc. Conjunctivitis causes irritation and redness in the eyes.
- Asthmatic reaction is common due to pollens, molds or certain chemicals. Shortness of breath, wheezing and allergic rhinitis are the common symptoms.
- Hives are large or small clumps on the body. They get triggered by foods or medicines.
Anaphylaxis triggers a rise in the body temperature, itchy rashes, and a tingling sensation. Sometimes patients complain shortness of breath, giddiness or anxiety. Pain and cramps also occur in rare cases
A few quick tips
• Prescription medication: When allergy symptoms do not subside after over-the-counter drugs, it is the time to consult a physician for strong medication. When they diagnose a running nose and itching and watery eyes, usually anti-histamine drugs are prescribed. Histamine is a substance that makes the walls of blood vessels permeable and also dilates them. The drugs block the release of histamine and quickly reduce allergic symptoms. Similarly, decongestive drugs are given to reduce swelling in the nasal path. Phenylephrine and Pseudoephedrine are popular decongestants. Sometimes, a combination of drugs is given for faster relief.
• Immunotherapy: Here, experts inject small quantities of the allergic substance to boost the immune system. Our body reacts to the substance and develops a mechanism to fight against the reaction. It is a slow process and needs several iterations, but the effects are long-lasting and useful.
• Steroids: Sometimes steroids are necessary to combat severe outbreak of allergy. Acute or chronic allergy symptoms need strong medicines like steroids. However, they are used for a limited time due to side-effects.
Role of an allergy specialist
A specialist looks at the symptoms of Asthma, autoimmune diseases, and immunodeficiency diseases when there are recurrent infections that take a long time to cure. He is the specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of allergic reactions. Since he is the expert in the niche, it is possible to diagnose the problem quickly and accurately. The expert not only suggests a right treatment plan, but shares knowledge about how to manage the disease.
Various tests are carried out to identify the exact allergy trigger. Allergy skin testing and blood testing are two common methods. In some cases, doctors find allergy shots more cost-effective and efficient. Once the diagnosis is over, a detailed plan is chalked out to make the life better and healthier.